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Catalog Number KSc032346
Collection Unknown
Object Name Letter
Dates of Creation ????/??/??
Scope & Content Samuel, you can obtain prepaired artist materials oiled paper; in the City at
Schauze Broadway, or at Knoedler's, corner of 9th St. & Bway; to practice with. After you have well improved on oiled paper - then paint on white wood panel or prepaired canvas. Ask Edward or a carpenter to plane out raw some/ panels of different sizes. Oil them first (both / sides,) with linseed oil - & a few minutes after, paint both sides with white lead to keep the panel from / warping, at the same time to produce a good surface for your picturea panel would require at least two or three coats of paint. You can tint the white lead or zinc white with a little burnt [] or with yellow ochre (warm tints) or with the least touch or greenish grey; of black on blue-if you wish a grey tint to work on. It depends very much on the subject you are going to paint what tint you paint upon -
yellow blue & white mixed to the desired tint.
Put one quarter of turpentine to boiled oil to mix with the white lead or zinc white.
-In framing [?]large grounds for pictures; draw the brush thus from one corner of he panel (or canvas) to the other. -You can obtain artist materials at S. N. Dodge. / cor-of Oliver St & Chatham Street - N- Y
Produce a small / picture from a large one thus.
I would advise you to copy but few drawings engravings or paintings; but to paint from nature and look with your own eyes. W.S.M.
[on the bottom of the first page is the sk:etch of an artist's palette with various colors painted and annotated. Beginning, at the bottom of the palette and proceeding clockwise:]
y. ochre
B. Sienna
[?] black
P. blue
[written within the palette itself are the following annotations:]
tint of black & yellow
or raw umber.
two tints of gray.
tint of Sienna
& white--
tint of
[?] ochre & white
tint of black & sienna
[written on the left side of the palette:]
Palette for painting from plaster casts, good practice, to teach you Drawing -- light & shadow.
[written on the right side of the palette:]
Hold your brush near the top of the handle. Do one thing at a time Have your materials in their proper places. --"Order is heavens first law.

[the upper half of the second page is dominated by a sketch of an artist's palette with 15 colors painted in and numerous annotations inside the palette as well as outside.
Take white or silver white or X zinc white--is good for finishing-
Yellow ochre Naples yellowVermilion
Lemon yellow Rose Madden Lake Cadneaum [sp?]
Permanent blue [?]
yellow Ultramarine blue or for skies
Venetian red Ivory Black Burnt Sienna or
is best--more durable -Terre Verte also, Burnt
Prussian blue or Pinkards blue, or Antwerp blue
burnt Roman ochre Terre verte Roman ochre
Vermilion Yellow to be had at Dodges
Emeraude green for glazing over yellows or greens to make deeper
[within the palette are the following comments:]
Paint your shadows thin of color. (Without white or with a very little white) but --your lights may be loaded with color.
--Mix but few tints with the-palette knife--combine your tints
with the brush.
--Thin your whites with raw linseed oil to the proper working consistency; with the palette knife--
--A landscape should be brilliantly colored; when dry toned down' if required.
--List of desirable colors. for Samuel Seabury. Oct: 13th 1862. W.S.M.
[to the left of the palette is written:]
--Glaze with transparent colorswith thin opake colors. -- Have but few though
colors on your palette A . it depends on what you are to Paint.
[to the right of the palette is written:]
Black & yellow ochre will make raw umber with a little red burnt 'umber
Brown Ochre -- is very useful in landscape painting. (yellow ochre & burnt sienna will make it.
In summer use raw linseed oil -- In winter mix raw & boiled oil together -- Those colors that do not dry well, mix boiled --oil with them.
--If necessary you can thin the boiled oil (in the first painting) with turpentine. Brown Japan is sometimes used in winter with browns and blacks to make them dry -also Painters dryer a few drops will suffice -- it is a good dryer mixed with a little raw oil.
--Have your oil in cups -- Linseed oil, raw, in one cup -- Boiled oil in another -
After washing your brushes in [?] soap & water, rinse them well in clean water.
Sometimes, if you intend to paint the next day, you can wash them gently in a cup of Benzene or turpentine. and dip them in raw oil -- & lay them on the table or box, so that the bristles do not touch anything -- Alcohol will clean brushes that have & hard -or tints become dry--Make your greens of different hues,,t by mixing blue & yellow, Black or blue & brown
& yellow, or Terre Verte & yellow,or glazing blue over yellow will make a green --
--At the present time turpentine costs from twenty shillings to three dollars per
gallon. Benzene costs seventy cents p`r gallon.It is used to thin paint & varnish in place of turpentine for indoor work. In painting pictures but a few drops to thin your oils if it is required.--Practice & a good eye makes the painter. W.S.M.